INTERNAL CONTROL AND AUDIT OF ENTERPRISES’ COMPLIANCE WITH CUSTOMS REQUIREMENTS WHILE CON-DUCTING FOREIGN ECONOMIC ACTIVITY

Olena Vakulchyk, Valeriia Fesenko, Oksana Knyshek

Abstract


Evaluation of the reliability of enterprises engaged in the foreign economic activity and simplifying of Customs procedures have become a relevant issue in the context of globalization. The capabilities and preferences of the “Authorized Economic Operator” status are the cause of a new challenge for managers of enterprises – creation of an internal control system to ensure a systematic monitoring of the conditions of Customs compliance standards of reliability and safety, which would allow identifying risks of loss of the “Authorized Economic Operator” status. The purpose of the scientific paper is to improve the internal control system of an enterprise engaged in foreign economic activity in the process of obtaining and saving the “Authorized Economic Operator” status in accordance with the international Custom requirements for safety and reliability. Methodology. The research is based on the methods of logical and analytical modelling of the impact assessment of individual factors on the value of the generalization indicator. The results are tested on the internal accounting data of the existing machine-building enterprises. Results. The paper shows the results of adapting the concept of COSO to the system of internal control of the foreign economic activity of the enterprise in the process of obtaining or retaining the “Authorized Economic Operator” status. The internal control system within the concept of COSO should ensure the achievement of the objectives – operations, reporting, and compliance. The criteria for estimating the objective “compliance” for an enterprise engaged in foreign economic activity can be an integral indicator of compliance. Value/originality. It is suggested to perform internal control of an enterprise’s compliance with Customs requirements based on the analysis of deviations of the compliance integral indicator. Practical implications. The result of control is to perform a steady in-crease in the integral index or stable maintenance of the already achieved indicator that will allow a company to maintain the “Authorized Economic Operator” status and perform foreign economic activities with simplified procedures. The indicators of total negative deviations and relative potential of rating are proposed in the paper. Total negative deviations by factors determine the degree of loss of quality characteristics of a company. The indicator of relative potential rating determines the percentage increase in the rating. Results of deviations evaluation by the blocks of the integral index of compliance will allow determining the certain aspect of a company activity, which did not meet Customs standards for the current period, and a responsible person who did not take care about the fulfilment of requirements of Customs standards, which introduces the risk of loss (non-receipt) of the “Authorized Economic Operator” status.

Keywords


internal control, audit, Authorized Economic Operator, foreign economic activity, customs requirements, Customs standards of reliability and security, compliance control, COSO.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Tereschenko, S., Symonova, H., & Khablo H. (2010). International standards regarding the status of authorized economic operator. Mytna bezpeka (Customs security), 2, 71-80 (in Ukr.)

Vakul'chyk, О., Knyshek, O., & Petrosian, A. (2014). Integral assessment of the financial condition of entities in the status of authorized economic operator. Visnyk AMSU (Bulletin of the Academy of Customs Ukraine), 1, 98-105 (in Ukr.)

Vakul'chyk, О., & Knyshek, O. (2016). Integral-rating evaluation and analysis of qualitative characteristics of the enterprises with international business activity. Ekonomichnyj prostir (Economic space),113, 92-103 (in Ukr.)

Dubitskiy, D., Zhelyakova, A., (2016). Evaluation of the effectiveness of obtaining the status of authorized economic operator. Efekty`vna ekonomika (Efficient economy), 11. Retrieved from: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=5256 (in Ukr.)

Drej, V. (2013). International regulation of internal audit in enterprises. Ekonomichnyj prostir (Economic space),80, 167–175 (in Ukr.)

Marchuk, U. (2016). Relationship of operational control and operational accounting. Ekonomichnyj chasopys (Economic Annals), 161 (9-10), 91-94

Committee of sponsoring organizations of the tread way commission. Internal control. Integrated framework. Retrieved from: http://www.coso.org/documents/COSO%202013%20ICFR%20Executive_Summary.pdf




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2017-3-4-18-23

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.