ECONOMIC AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF INLAND NAVIGATION LAW (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF GERMANY AND UKRAINE)

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

Published: Nov 17, 2023

  Sergey Kuznichenko

  Grigorii Moshak

  Oksana Kuznichenko

Abstract

The article examines the economic and legal issues of inland navigation development based on the materials of Germany and Ukraine. The relevance of the paper of economic and legal aspects of the development of inland navigation and the legal status of a shipowner is due to their importance for science and practice and insufficient development in Ukraine, as well as a significant expansion of inland navigation against the background of curtailment of sea traffic due to Russian military restrictions on the Black Sea. The purpose of the study is to identify and analyse the economic and legal factors that contribute to the improvement of inland navigation. The authors use the methods of analysis and comparison of theoretical concepts and legal norms, and the method of socio-economic statistics is also used to argue proposals on the topic under study. The paper shows the connection between the concepts of inland navigation law and inland waterways law. This work uses German-language works by W. Korioth, J.-H. Krumme, T. Waldstein, H. Holland. The subject and direction of research of Ukrainian scientists P. Kazanski, A. V. Kulko, A. P. Efimenko, E. A. Samoilenko and G. V. Samoilenko are determined. The results of the study allowed to expand the understanding of the subject matter of inland navigation law as a set of predominantly private law provisions regulating relations in the field of navigation use of inland waterways. The research analyses the theoretical and regulatory foundations of the concept of inland waterway and indicators of the level of socio-economic development of Ukraine and Germany, which influence the state and development of concepts and norms of inland navigation law. Economic justification is provided for the limits of possible increase in cargo transportation, which may have a stimulating effect on the development of inland navigation law. It is proposed to adopt the best German experience and a temporary solution to the problem of the lack of regulations in the field of inland waterway transport of Ukraine.

How to Cite

Kuznichenko, S., Moshak, G., & Kuznichenko, O. (2023). ECONOMIC AND LEGAL ASPECTS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF INLAND NAVIGATION LAW (BASED ON THE MATERIALS OF GERMANY AND UKRAINE). Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 9(4), 161-169. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2023-9-4-161-169
Article views: 338 | PDF Downloads: 144

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

economy, law, inland navigation, shipowner

References

Kazanski, P. (1895). Treaty Rivers: Essays on the History and Theory of International River Law. Vol. 1-2. Kazan: Typo-lit. Imperial University, 872 p. Available at: http://www.bibliard.ru/vcd-4-1-821/goodsinfo.html

Kulko, A. V. (2009). Institutional and Contractual Mechanisms of Regulation of International Cooperation on the Use of Danube River Resources: PhD. in Law: 12.00.11. Kyiv, 19 p. Available at: https://mydisser.com/ru/avtoref/view/15629.html

Kulko, A. V. (2018). International legal regulation of the use and protection of transboundary fresh waters: dissertation. Doctor of Juridical Science: 12.00.11. Kyiv. Available at: http://idpnan.org.ua/files/kulko-a.v. mijnarodno-pravove-regulyuvannya-vikoristannyata-ohoroni-transkordonnih-prisnih-vod-_a_.pdf

Kulko, A. (2013). The Prospects of Improvement of Modern Treaty Mechanisms of Regulation of Cooperation of States on the Navigable Use of the Main International Rivers of Europe: Implications for Ukraine. Scientific notes of the Institute of Legislation of the Supreme Council of Ukraine, vol. 5, pp. 148–153.

Efimenko, A. P. (1998). International legal regime of the Danube River: aspects of navigation and environmental protection. Extended abstract of Doctor’s thesis: 12.00.11. Kyiv, 20 p.

Samoilenko, E. A. (2017). International legal regulation of navigable use of international rivers. Kyiv: Lira Publishers, 266 p.

Samoilenko, G. V. (2003). Contract of carriage of goods in inland waterways communication. Candidate’s thesis: 12.00.03; National University of Internal Affairs. Kharkiv,175 p.

List of case numbers whose decision was used in the study: № №201/16010/15-ц; № 483/446/16-ц; № 363/2700/18; № 658/715/16-ц; № 520/4372/15-ц; № 757/40260/15-ц; № 22-ц/796/14299/2014; № 510/666/13-ц; № 765/563/14-ц; № 520/9533/13-ц; № 500/6756/15-ц; № 712/372/15-ц; № 2-2811/11; № 757/40260/15-ц;№ 524/7761/13-ц; № 525/1459/14-ц; № 357/6695/15-ц; № 756/4794/14-ц; № 2/1519/6667/11; № 501/2558/13-ц2/501/95/14; № 520/10926/16-ц; № 201/4408/172/1519/6667/11; № 501/2558/13-ц2/501/95/14; № 520/10926/16-ц; № 201/4408/17

The Water Code of Ukraine of 06.06.1995 No. 213/95-VR. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/213/95-%D0%B2%D1%80#Text

The Law of Ukraine "On Inland Water Transport" of December 3, 2020, No. 1054-IX. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1054-20#Text

United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10.12.1982. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/995_057#Text

Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine "On Approval of the List of Inland Waterways Belonging to the Category of Navigable Waterways" No. 640 of June 12, 1996. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/640-96-%D0%BF#Text; "On Approval of the List of Inland Waterways Belonging to the Category of Navigable Waterways". Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/136-2022-%D0%BF#n28

Merchant Shipping Code of Ukraine. The Official Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (BVR), 1995, Nos. 47, 48, 49, 50, 51, 52, Art. 349.

Gesetz betreffend die privatrechtlichen Verhältnisse der Binnenschifffahrt (Binnenschiffahrtsgesetz; BinSchG). BinSchG – Gesetz betreffend die privatrechtlichen Verhältnisse der Binnenschiffahrt. Available at: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/

Gesetz über die Aufgaben des Bundes auf dem Gebiet der Binnenschifffahrt (Binnenschifffahrtsaufgabengesetz – BinSchAufgG). Available at: www.gesetze-im-internet.de

Bundeswasserstraßengesetz (WaStrG). Ein Service des Bundesministeriums der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz sowie des Bundesamts für Justiz. Available at: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/wastrg/WaStrG.pdf

Korioth, W. (2016). Binnenschifffahrtsrecht. Fachanwalt Transport und Speditionsrecht Fachanwaltslehrgänge. Hagen Law School. Hagener Wissenschaftsverlag, vol. 5, s. 143.

Binnenschiffsrecht. Definition: Was ist "Binnenschiffsrecht". Available at: https://wirtschaftslexikon.gabler.de/definition/binnenschiffsrecht-31784

Encyclopedia of Inland Waters. Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/books/encyclopedia-of-inland-waters/tockner/978-0-12-088462-9

Canals and inland waterways. Encyclopaedia Britannica. Available at: https://www. britannica.com/technology/canal-waterway

Bundeswasserstraßengesetz (WaStrG). Ein Service des Bundesministeriums der Justiz und für Verbraucherschutz sowie des Bundesamts für Justiz. Available at: https://www.gesetze-im-internet.de/wastrg/WaStrG.pdf/

Bundesgesetz über die Binnenschifffahrt (Schifffahrtsgesetz – SchFG) StF: BGBl. I Nr. 62/1997 (NR: GP XX RV 564 AB 618 S. 67. BR: 5400 AB 5420 S. 624). Available at: https://www.ris.bka.gv.at/GeltendeFassung.wxe?Abfrage=Bundesnormen&Gesetzesnummer=10012703

Waldstein, T., & Holland, H. (2007). Binnenschifffahrtsrecht: Kommentar. Berlin: de Gruyter Recht, s. 9–10. Available at: https://books.google.com.ua/books?id=i7ViXwMMwokC&printsec=frontcover&hl=ru&source=gbs_ge_summary_r&cad=0#v=onepage&q&f=false

Willems, G., Abecasis, M., & Catena, M.M. Inland & Maritime Waterways & Ports. Available at: https://www.elsevier.com/books/inland-and-maritime-waterways-and-ports/willems/978-0-08-026732-6

The Order of the Ministry of Transport and Communications "On Approval of the Instruction on Dealing with Damage to Inland Waterway Transport Vessels" of November 4, 2004 Nо. 963 Available at: http://search.ligazakon.ua/l_doc2.nsf/link1/RE10082.html

Council Directive 87/540/EEC of 9 November 1987 on access to the occupation of carrier of goods by waterway in national and international transport and on the mutual recognition of diplomas, certificates and other evidence of formal qualifications for this occupation. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/987_001-87#Text

United Nations Development Programme. Human Development Reports | United Nations Development Programme (undp.org). Available at: https://www.ua.undp.org/content/ukraine/uk/home/library/democratic_governance/human-developmentreport-2019.html

Volume of freight transported by mode of transportation. Available at: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua/operativ/operativ2021/tr/tr_rik/opvvt_95_20_ue.xlsx

Transport portuar. Available at: https://insse.ro

Gesamtergebnis der Binnenschifffahrt 2019: 205 Mio. Tonnen Güter – Verlorene Mengen konnten teilweise aufgeholt werden. Available at: www.binnenschiff.de/pressemitteilung/gesamtergebnis-der-binnenschifffahrt-2019-205-mio-tonnen-gueter-verlorene-mengen-konnten-teilweise-aufgeholt-werden/

VBW e.V. – Studie: „Infrastrukturpolitik im internationalen Vergleich – eine Analyse der drei Länder Niederlande,Österreich und Deutschland unter Berücksichtigung der Wasserstraßeninfrastruktur“. Available at: http://surl.li/mzlrr

Kotler, P., Berger, R., & Bickhoff, N. (2010). The Quintessence of Strategic Management. Springer, Berlin, 135 s.

Analytical materials to the draft Inland Water Transport Strategy of Ukraine for the period until 2031. Available at: https://mtu.gov.ua/news/33077.html

CEO of the Strategy of Inland Water Transport Development of Ukraine: position of NECU. National Ecological Center of Ukraine. Available at: https://necu.org.ua/pozycziya-naczionalnogo-ekologichnogo-czentru-ukrayinyshhodo-seostrategiyi-rozvytku-vnutrishnogo-vodnogo-transportu-ukrayiny-na-period-do-2031-roku-ta-planu-zahodiv-yiyi-realizacziyi-shhodo-seo-stat/

Machado, I., Kaisera, B., Bezerraa, S., & Castro, L. I. S. (2013). Is the environmental policies procedures a barrier to development of inland navigation and port management? A case of study in Brazil. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice. Volume 47, January, pp. 78–86.

Wasserstraßen nach Ländern. Retrieved from Landkarte – Welt. Available at: https://www.indexmundi.com/map/?v=116&l=de

Scimago Journal & Country Rank. Retrieved from SJR – International Science Ranking. Available at: https://www.scimagojr.com/countryrank.php