Olga Shulga


Every economic system is based on a certain system of relations of property that answers the certain level of development of productive forces. When this system of relations of property stops to provide progress of economic development, there is a necessity to substitute it by a new one. Exactly the objective necessity of development of productive forces predetermines the necessity of origin of new, higher pattern of ownership. For every system of relations of property, its own system of contradictions that provides its development is typical. Solving these contradictions conduces to the appearance of new adequate forms of further development of the system of property relations. In relation to the agrarian sector of the economy, any contradiction of agrarian relations is a form of expression of contradictions that are based on contradictions of land property relations. This implies that contradiction of relations of land ownership is the basic one in the system of agrarian relations and without its decision, it is impossible to solve all other contradictions of the agrarian sector and to form effective agrarian relations. For this reason, in order to work out an effective agrarian policy on the solution of existing in the agrarian sector contradictions, it is important to find out contradictions and law of development of land property relations in it. The topic of research is contradictions and laws of development of re land property relations in the agrarian sector of the economy. For clarifying these issues, there are applied dialectical, dynamic, systematic, and unity of logical and historical approaches, methods of generalization, analysis and synthesis, etc. The purpose of the article – expose dialectics of contradictions of development of institutional public forms of the functioning of economic systems and property relations in the agrarian sector, to define laws of development of land property relations. The driving forces of the development of any economic system are contradictions between the form of land ownership and the form of land tenure, between the form of land tenure and the form of direct farming, between the owner of the land and the immediate worker on it. The dialectic of the development of institutional social forms of the functioning of economic systems and property relations in the agrarian sector is that the development of land ownership relations leads to changes and transformations in the system of production relations, their transition to a higher stage of socio-economic development, and the emergence of new social forms of functioning of economic systems. In turn, the emergence of new social forms of the functioning of economic systems causes changes in the structure of property ownership on the land, leading to the emergence and dominant position in the agricultural sector of new types and forms of ownership, reflecting the socio-economic nature of the current social system. On the basis of the analysis of the evolution of land ownership relations in various economic systems, one can conclude that their development is characterized by certain patterns: the development and complication of property patterns are constantly underway; each form of ownership by its nature is historical; the emergence of a more developed form of ownership of land does not lead to a complete disappearance of the previous form of ownership; the more specific forms of ownership within a certain mode of production, the stronger are the driving forces and sources of economic system development; as the evolution of property relations weakens the antagonistic nature of social contradictions, there is a convergence of interests of opposing classes, social groups; each functional form of ownership reflects a certain level of development of the productive power of human labour; the means of realization of any type, type or form of ownership is the degree of human freedom; the development of the essential basis of property relations takes place in an evolutionary way, and the change in the legal form of ownership – institutional instruments; institutional forms of property combine both old forms and new; each typical civilization is characterized by a predominant property object that is specific for its conditions of development, which reflects the achieved level of development of the productive labour force of man and the corresponding formative peculiarities of the appropriation of means and production results, etc.


land ownership relations, contradictions, agrarian sector, institutional social forms of functioning of economic systems, land use.

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