THE INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY OF ENTERPRISES AS A PREREQUISITE FOR SUSTAINABLE ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

Olena Аrefieva, Samira Piletska, Serchii Аrefiev

Abstract


In terms of exacerbation of crisis processes in the economy, hindering trends in upgrading technologies are observed, which leads to a certain lag from modern needs for the reproduction of productive forces. In order to solve this problem, it is necessary to consider the innovative activity as a factor and a consequence of hierarchical changes in related levels and fields that allows a researcher to deepen into the selected area and develop it in more detail from the chosen position. The presence of innovative activity leads to technological shifts that are carried out by using technologies of another technological mode. In such conditions, the innovative activity of enterprises, which serves a basis for sustainable development of the economy, is an important component and prerequisite for sustainable economic development. The purpose of the article is to analyse the nature of the innovative activity of enterprises, study issues of providing sustainable economic development by developing a mechanism of innovative activity of an enterprise, taking into account its innovative space. To achieve this purpose, there are the following tasks: to analyse trends in innovative processes and innovative activity of enterprises by corresponding directions; substantiate factors of innovative activity by levels of the economy and determine their effect by components; propose a mechanism of innovative activity by levels of the economy in order to stimulate enterprises to introduce innovations for ensuring increased capacity of activities. Methodology. The methodological basis of the article is methods of scientific cognition, which allow revealing the nature of the innovative activity of enterprises, the main laws of innovative development of the economy, priority ways to ensure their financial firmness. In particular, the following methods are used: analysis and synthesis – when studying the innovative activity of enterprises in 2001–2016; systematization – for revealing factors hindering the innovative activity of enterprises; scientific abstraction – in order to form a theoretical generalization and conclusions. Results. There are substantiated factors of influence on the innovative activity of all economic levels per unit of influence that is proposed to be considered a business process, which stipulate for the operation of the effective mechanism of business process management that contributes to the intensification of the enterprises’ innovative activity. The proposed mechanism of innovative activity by levels of the economy allows forming it aimed at creating an active innovation space, which establishes feedback with the innovative climate, which creates information capabilities for its adaptation to changing conditions of the environment in the aspect of development and introduction of modern innovative equipment. Further research directions are aimed at deepening the interconnection of innovative climate in Ukraine and innovative space and its characteristics, which is an integral component of intensification of innovative activity. Practical implications. Practical implications are related to the possibility of using the proposed mechanism of the increase in innovative activity of enterprises, providing the efficiency of managerial influences when introducing modern technology, and improving the production quality. Value/ originality. Originality lies in the substantiation of relevant factors that influence and determine directions of innovative activity of enterprises, which allow combining the study of active business processes and financial planning and creating information support for compliance.

Keywords


sustainable development, mechanism, innovative activity, factors, compliance, levels of economy, business process.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bielikova, N.V., Omarov, Sh.A., & Kriachko, Ie.M. (2014) Analiz pidkhodiv do otsinky staloho rozvytku krain i rehioniv [Analysis of approaches to assessing the sustainable development of countries and regions] Biznes Inform, no. 9, pp. 8–16.

Boichuk, N.Ya. & Orel, V.V. (2016) Optymizatsiia upravlinnia biznes-protsesamy na pidpryiemstvakh Ukrainy [Optimization of management of business processes at enterprises of Ukraine] Zbirnyk naukovykh prats

Natsionalnoho tekhnichnoho universytetu Ukrainy «KPI», no. 17, pp. 173-180.

Varfolomiieva, V. O. (2009) Pidvyshchennia yakosti i optymizatsiia upravlinnia innovatsiinoiu diialnistiu [Improvement of quality and optimization of innovation activity management]. Aktualni problemy ekonomiky, no. 7, pp. 100-106.

Vakhovych I.M., Vakhovych I.M. & Tabalova O.Ie. (2012) Systema pokaznykiv diahnostyky rehionalnykh asymetrii staloho rozvytku [System of indicators of diagnostics of regional asymmetries of sustainable development] Visnyk Universytetu bankivskoi spravy NBU, no.3 (15), pp. 86–91.

Voloshchuk L. O. & Nosovets O. I. (2015) Prohnozuvannia innovatsiinoi aktyvnosti promyslovykh pidpryiemstv instrumentamy imitatsiinoho modeliuvannia biznes-protsesiv [Forecasting of innovative activity of industrial enterprises by means of simulation of business processes]. Ekonomika: realii chasu, no. 6 (22), pp. 147–155.

Demydenko, V.V. (2015) Upravlinnia biznes-protsesamy yak skladova protsesnoho pidkhodu do upravlinnia pidpryiemstvom [Business process management as part of a process approach to enterprise management].

Efektyvna ekonomika, no. 11. Retrieved from: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=4517.

Doroshuk, H. A. (2010) Proektno-oriientovanyi pidkhid v upravlinni orhanizatsiinymy innovatsiiamy [Project-oriented approach in the management of organizational innovation] Odeskyi natsionalnyi

politekhnichnyi universytet. – Odessa National Polytechnic University. no. 11(255), pp. 1. Retrieved from: http://www.ena.lp.edu.ua:8080/bitstream/ntb/20300/1/51-254-258.pdf

Illiashenko, S. M. (2008) Sutnist, struktura i metodychni osnovy otsinky intelektualnoho kapitalu pidpryiemstva [Essence, structure and methodical basis of estimation of enterprise intellectual capital]. Ekonomika Ukrainy, no. 11, pp. 16–26.

Ilnytska-Hykavchuk, H.Ia. (2015) Vprovadzhennia innovatsiinykh pidkhodiv do upravlinnia biznes-protsesamy na pidpryiemstvakh [Implementation of innovative approaches to managing business processes at enterprises] Visnyk Natsionalnoho universytetu «Lvivska Politekhnika», no. 815, p. 479.

Innovatsiina Ukraina 2020 : natsionalna dopovid / za zah. red. V.M. Heitsia ta in. ; NAN Ukrainy. Kyiv, 2015. 336 p. [in Ukrainian]

Melnyk, L. H. & Shkarupa, O. V. (2011) Rol systemnoho upravlinnia innovatsiiamy v klasternykh formuvanniakh na osnovi eko-oriientovanoho pidkhodu [The role of system management of innovation in cluster formations on the basis of an eco-oriented approach] Marketynh i menedzhment innovatsii, no. 3, pp. 187–196.

Melnyk, L.H. (2016) Teoryia razvytyia system : monohrafyia [Theory of system development: monograph] SaarBriuken, Hermanyia : Palmarium Academic Publishing, 528 p. [in Hermanyia].

Mekhanizm upravlinnia potentsialom innovatsiinoho rozvytku promyslovykh pidpryiemstv: monohrafiia /Iu.S.Shypulina, S.M.Illiashenko, P.H. Pererva, O. P. Kosenko [ta in.]; za red. k.e.n., dotsenta Iu. S. Shypulinoi. Sumy: TOV «DD «Papirus», 2012, 458 p. [in Ukrainian]

Ofitsiinyi sait Derzhavnoi sluzhby statystyky Ukrainy [Official site of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine]. (n.d.) Retrieved from: http://www.ukrstat.gov.ua.

Pererva, P.H., Kotsysky, D. & Vereshne Shomoshy M. (2012) Transfer tekhnolohii : monohrafiia [Technology Transfer: Monograph]. Kh. : Virovets A.P. «Apostrof», 668 p. [in Ukrainian].

Polinkevych, O.M. (2011) Monitorynh innovatsiinykh protsesiv promyslovykh pidpryiemstv [Monitors of innovation processes in promises of applications]. Ekonomichnyi forum, no. 2, pp. 284−291.

Sotnyk, Y.N. & Shevtsov, Y.V. (2013) Upravlenye ynnovatsyonnym resursosberezhenyem na mykrourovne v uslovyiakh transformatsyonnykh yzmenenyi ekonomyky [Management of innovative resource-saving at the

micro level in conditions of transformational changes in the economy]. Mekhanizm rehuliuvannia ekonomiky, no. 1, pp. 47–53.

Uvarova, Iu.M., Hnylobokov, I.O. & Boiakova, N.V. (2010) Udoskonalennia upravlinnia innovatsiinym protsesom pidpryiemstva [Improvement of the management of the innovation process of the enterprise]. Ekonomika pidpryiemstva, no. 4, pp. 30-34.

Chekulyna, T.A. (2011) Funktsyonyrovanye mekhanyzma upravlenyia byznes-protsessamy pry razvytyy ynnovatsyonnoi deiatelnosty [Functioning of the business process management mechanism in the development of innovation activities]. Vestnyk OrelHYET, no. 1(15), pp. 132-140.

Yurkevych, O. M. (2010) Innovatsiine spriamuvannia investytsiinoho potentsialu finansovykh instytutiv [Innovative direction of investment potential of financial institutions] Finansy Ukrainy, no. 10, pp. 81-86.

Yastremska, O.M. & Dourtmes, P.O. (2016) Innovatsiina diialnist promyslovykh pidpryiemstv: rezultaty otsiniuvannia [Innovative activity of industrial enterprises: results of evaluation]. Biznes Inform, no. 4, pp. 161-168.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-1-1-7

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.