DEVELOPING A METHODOLOGY TO ASSESS THE ENVIRONMENTAL AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE INDEX BASED ON INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH TO RESOLVE THE ECONOMIC AND ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS OF UKRAINE

Nadiia Shmygol, Olga Galtsova, Iryna Varlamova

Abstract


The urgency of the research. Developing a new approach to economic and environmental problems grounded on the need to form new awareness and responsibility makes it necessary to conduct an in-depth study of the causes and nature of such problems at the current stage of the national economic development. The problem of developing and substantiating indices in countries such as the United Kingdom, Canada, the United States, is decided by special institutes. At the international level, numerous agencies, organizations, and committees such as WHO, UN, UNESCO, OECD, the World Bank, the European Commission, the Committee on Environmental Modelling (ISEM) are addressing this issue. For a comprehensive assessment of the sustainability of development, take into account the socio-economic and environmental indicators, as well as separate a group of institutional indicators. But for Ukraine, it is impossible to identify the links that require more attention and material support for raising the level of development both nationally and globally. Consequently, the method of calculating the index of sustainable development, taking into account the peculiarities of the functioning of the national economy, needs to be reconsidered and improved. Target setting. Both the state and the enterprises ignored the issues of environmental pollution, which gradually led to a threatening situation for the economy and the environment. Meanwhile, in the current context, economic and environmental problems remain unresolved and are increasingly deepening. Uninvestigated parts of general matters defining. Analysis of the resource potential revealed the urgent need to develop a clear and functioning mechanism of economic and environmental development, shaping the ecological awareness of the nation as a whole, managers and policy-makers, improving and transforming the existing regulatory framework and environmental legislation, as well as the corporate environmental management systems, in particular, based on the environmental performance index. The research objective. The goal of this article is to study the nature of economic and environmental problems of the industrial enterprises and to develop a model of the regional environmental and economic performance index aimed at reducing the environmental costs of the economic growth, ensuring the environmental sustainability of the region, and mitigating the harms in terms of public health. The statement of basic materials. There is evidence proving that the economic problems are mainly caused by the lack of attention to environmental issues. It is proved that to resolve the abovementioned problems, first, there is a need to develop the national economic and environmental awareness based on the national context, using international standards and introducing the best practices of international organizations. Conclusions. Thus, the strategic approach to ensure the sustainable socio-economic development of the country from the standpoint of the economic and environmental model is a transition from the implementation of separate measures to the development and implementation of an economic and environmental concept of the comprehensive public production rationalization.

Keywords


economic and environmental problems, ecological regulation, environmental and economic performance index, economic and environmental awareness, mechanism of economic and environmental development

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-4-366-374

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