USING THE WORLD EXPERIENCE OF DEVELOPED COUNTRIES IN THE FORMATION OF DIRECTIONS FOR IMPROVING THE PROCESS OF DEVELOPMENT AND IMPLEMENTATION OF GOVERNMENT TARGETED PROGRAMS FOR NATURAL ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION

Oksana Senyshyn, Marta Olikhovska

Abstract


The scientific article deals with the directions of improvement of the process of development and implementation of state targeted programs for protecting the natural environment in Ukraine. In particular, state targeted programs of environmental protection in Ukraine are the subject of this research. Methodology. A set of scientific research methods is used to realize the goals and tasks defined in the scientific article. Namely, the comparative method was used to compare the foreign experience of developed countries in the field of state programming of environmental protection and its adaptation to the conditions of Ukraine; to compare indicators that determine the level of development and implementation of state target programs of environmental protection in Ukraine; economic and statistical method used to investigate the state and trends of the development of the state programming system in Ukraine, to identify the main problems and obstacles related to its functioning; graphic interpretation method made it possible to visualize the principal scheme of management of domestic state target programs of environmental protection; the method of theoretical analysis, systemic and analytical methods, method of generalization, methods of grouping contributed to the identification of the main directions of improvement of the processes of development and implementation of state targeted programs for the protection of the natural environment in Ukraine. Information and reference base of scientific research consists of laws and other legal regulations of Ukraine on environmental protection issues, international documents, analytical and statistical materials of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, reports on the implementation of State target programs for 2010–2016, scientific works of domestic scientists, periodicals, results of the authors’ personal observations. Practical implementation. The authors have summarized their research results on the possibility of using the schematic model of managing the state targeted environmental protection program in Ukraine for the aspects related to creation and functioning of the Coordination Council, led by the program manager. The above mentioned Coordination Council is an advisory (collegial) body that operates on a voluntary basis. It is also substantiated that for Ukraine worthy of attention is the experience of the European Union countries, which radically changed the system of state management of environmental protection, and revised the balance of competence of different levels of government, through systematic improvement and alignment of the mechanisms of environmental management with international legal, normative-methodical and institutional basis of ecological management and ecological safety. The scientific value of research results. In the form of directions for improving the process of development and implementation of state targeted programs for the protection of the natural environment in Ukraine, a set of key recommendations has been proposed for improving the efficiency of functioning of the system of domestic state programming for natural environment protection.

Keywords


state target program of environmental protection, programming, efficiency, state ecological policy, mechanism of state target ecological program management

Full Text:

PDF

References


Avramenko, N. L., Kushch, M. O. (2016). Dosvid YeS v sferi ekonomichnoho stymuliuvannia do okhorony navkolyshnoho pryrodnoho seredovyshcha [EU experience in the field of economic stimulation of environmental protection]. Retrieved from: http://molodyvcheny.in.ua/files/journal/2016/12/186.pdf (accessed 30 September 2018)

Danylyshyn, B. M. (2008). Naukovi narysy z ekonomiky pryrodokorystuvannia [Scientific essays on economy of the use of natural resources]. Kyiv: RVPS Ukrainy NAN Ukrainy. (in Ukraine)

Faychuk, O. V., Faychuk, O. M., Voytsekhivska, V. V. (2015). Efektyvne finansuvannia derzhavnykh tsilovykh ekolohichnykh prohram [Effective financing of state targeted ecological programs]. Economist, 7, 31-33.

Heiets, V. M. (2008). Derzhavni tsilovi prohramy ta uporiadkuvannia prohramnoho protsesu v biudzhetnii sferi [State targeted programs and streamlining the program process in the budget sphere]. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka. (in Ukraine)

Hrusheva, T. I. (2007). Zarubizhnyi dosvid ta mizhnarodni aspekty upravlinnia pryrodokorystuvanniam [Foreign experience and international aspects of environmental management]. Menedzher, 4(42), 32-38.

Hryniv, L. S. (2016). Fizychna ekonomiia: novi modeli staloho rozvytku [Physical economy: new models of sustainable development]. Lviv: Liha-pres. (in Ukraine)

Hryniv, L. S. (2010). Rehionalni tsilovi prohramy [Regional targeted programs]. Lviv: Lvivskyi natsionalnyi universytet imeni Ivana Franka. (in Ukraine)

Kernychna, A. Ye. (2013). Dosvid zarubizhnykh krain shchodo vdoskonalennia mekhanizmiv derzhavnoho upravlinnia v ekolohichnii sferi u konteksti yevrointehratsii [Experience of foreign countries in improving the mechanisms of public administration in the environmental sphere in the context of European integration]. Retrieved from: http://www.investplan.com.ua/pdf/24_2013/36.pdf (accessed 1 October 2018)

Kolstad, Charles, D. (1999). Environmental Economics. Oxford: Oxford University Press, Inc. (in English)

Lisovyi Kodeks No. 3852-ХІІ of January 21 (1994). [Forest Code]. (Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy). Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon4.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/3852-12 (accessed 15 December 2017)

Macrory, R. (2006). Reflections on 30 years of Environmental Law: a high level of protection? Europe Law Publishing. (in English)

Melnyk, L. H. (2003). Ekolohichna ekonomika [Ecological economy]. Sumy: Universytetska knyha. (in Ukraine)

Moshchytska, T. O. (2010). Derzhavni tsilovi prohramy yak diievyi instrument stymuliuvannia rozvytku ekonomiky [State targeted programs as an effective tool for stimulation of economic development]. Problemy ekonomiky, 3, 28-33.

Postanova pro derzhavnu tsilovu prohramu Lisy Ukrainy na 2010-2015 rr. No. 977 of September 16 (2009). [Resolution on the State Targeted Program “Forests of Ukraine” for 2010-2015]. Ofitsiinyi sait Kabinetu Ministriv Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/977-2009-%D0%BF (accessed 28 November 2017)

Salatiuk, N. M. (2013). Zarubizhnyi dosvid rehuliuvannia pryrodokorystuvannia ta okhorony navkolyshnoho seredovyshcha [Foreign experience in the regulation of nature and environmental protection]. Retrieved from: http://dspace.nuft.edu.ua/jspui/bitstream/123456789/2486/1/333.pdf (accessed 2 October 2018)

Senyshyn, O., Chopko, N., Zhuk, I. (2017). Integral estimate of the effectiveness of performance of indices of the state targeted programs for protection of natural environment in Ukraine. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 3(5), 391-399. doi: 10.30525/2256-0742/2017-3-5-391-399

Stan vykonannia derzhavnykh tsilovykh prohram u 2015 rotsi (2016). [State of implementation of state targeted programs in 2015]. Ofitsiinyi sait Ministerstva ekonomiky Ukrainy. Retrieved from: https://issuu.com/mineconomdev/docs/ (accessed 07 December 2017)

Tunytsia, T. Yu. (2006). Zbalansovane pryrodokorystuvannia: natsionalnyi i mizhnarodnyi kontekst [Balanced natural resources: national and international context]. Kyiv: Znannia. (in Ukrainian)

Vodnyi Kodeks No. 213/95-VR of June 06 (1995). [Water Code]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/213/95-VR (accessed 15 June 2018)

Wolf, S., Stanley, N. (2009). Wolf and Stanleyon Environmental Law: Taylor & Francis. (in English)

Yakushenko, L. M., Yatsenko, L. D. (2015). Shchodo napriamkiv pidvyshchennia efektyvnosti vykonannia zahalnoderzhavnykh prohram u pryrodookhoronnii sferi [On the ways of increasing effectiveness of implementation of the national programs in the sphere of natural environment protection]. Informatsiino-analitychna dovidka. Retrieved from: http://www.niss.gov.ua/articles/537/ (accessed 02 December 2017)

Yatsenko, L. D. (2015). Shchodo otsinky vyklykiv natsionalnii bezpetsi v ekolohichnii sferi [On the assessment of challenges to national security in the ecological sphere]. Analitychna zapyska. Retrieved from: http://www.niss.gov.ua/articles/1150/ (accessed 14 December 2017)

Zakon pro derzhavni tsilovi prohramy No. 1621-IV of March 18 (2004). [The Law on State Target Programs]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1621-15 (accessed 25 May 2018)

Zakon pro pravovyi rezhym terytorii, shcho zaznala radioaktyvnoho zabrudnennia v naslidok Chornobylskoi katastrofy No. 791а-ХІІ of February 27 (1991). [The Law on State Target Programs]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/791а-12 (accessed 25 May 2018)

Zakon pro zahalnoderzhavnu tsilovu prohramu Pytna voda Ukrainy na 2011-2020 rr. No. 3933-VI of October 20 (2011). [The Law on the legal regime of the territory that was exposed to radioactive contamination as a result of the Chernobyl disaster]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon2.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/2455-15 (accessed 04 July 2018)

Zakon pro zahalnoderzhavnu tsilovu prohramu rozvytku vodnoho hospodarstva ta ekolohichnoho ozdorovlennia baseinu richky Dnipra na period do 2021 roku No. 4836-VI of May 24 (2012). [The Law on the national targeted program for the development of water economy and ecological rehabilitation of the Dnipro river basin in the period up till 2021]. Ofitsiinyi sait Verkhovnoi Rady Ukrainy. Retrieved from: http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/4836-17 (accessed 29 November 2017)

Zarzhytskyi, O. S. (2012). Aktualni problemy pravovoho zabezpechennia ekolohichnoi polityky Ukrainy (teoretychni aspekty) [Current problems of legal support of ecological policy of Ukraine (theoretical aspects)]. Donetsk: Natsionalnyi hirnychyi universytet. (in Ukraine)




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-5-305-314

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.