Rostyslav Lemekha

  Bogdan Schur


The economically and socially advanced countries of the world have encountered a number of issues that are not new and examples of the systematic recurrence of which are known in Europe, Asia, America, Africa. The spread of infectious diseases and the fight against their worst consequences have become relevant to different countries at least every 50 years. Such recurrence, and therefore high probability and expectation, should be taken into account in the National Security Strategies and, rather, resources should be accumulated quickly to minimize the adverse effects on societies and the world at large. Nonetheless, the first quarter of 2020 has been extremely difficult for countries that, with their vast array of new technologies, have been unable to navigate the dangers of COVID-19 coronavirus disease or take precautionary measures without undue panic quickly. In addition to these generally strategic ones, a number of other problems have become apparent. These include the following, which relate to counter crimes that are committed in the economy and keep the gaps in policy approaches to identify the causes and effects of all other related aspects of society. Therefore, the overriding task of international organizations, national governmental and non-governmental organizations are the development of concerted recommendations for the formulation and maintenance of systematic development of national and world security strategies. The component of economic security is particularly important, which is emphasized in virtually every speech by statesmen of countries suffering from the spread of COVID-19 coronavirus disease. There is no doubt that the protection of the interests of public and private persons, producers, compliance with the requirements of ratified international pacts, other documents at all levels of the government of the state for the awareness of the cause-and-effect relations of economic crimes (to which all members of the corporation should apply) remains paramount, which is unfortunately very low in Ukraine today. Methodology. The stated purpose of this article is primarily related to the use of the cognitive potential of a number of philosophical, general scientific and special methods. The dialectical methods of analysis and synthesis, the comparative-legal method have become the methods of research taking into account the desire to determine the directions of development of foreign and national scientific opinion on the subject of the publication, they have allowed to distinguish perspective measures to counteract these offenses, taking into account the experience of the highly developed EU countries. Methods of grammatical examination and interpretation of legal norms have helped to identify the gaps in the legislation governing the grounds and the procedure for bringing to justice the perpetrators of them, to develop proposals for its improvement. Practical importance. Establishing causality of crimes in the sphere of economy, shadowing the economy, which occurs in particular by committing corruption crimes, will help to identify systematic measures and effective instruments (including legal norms) aimed at preventing their spread and eliminating the negative impact of social institutions, relationships, which are not even perceived by most members of society today. Awareness of the cause and effect of relationships of crimes in the field of economics will enable theoretical and practical support for the prevention of their negative consequences by using adequate legal and other mechanisms. An attempt to solve such a problem is presented in this study.

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causation, property damage, criminal outcomes, crimes in the economic sphere, restitution, dangerous consequences, the purpose of criminal penalties, corruption crimes


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