STATE REGULATION OF THE EDUCATION SECTOR UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF DECENTRALIZATION

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

  Viktor Oharenko

  Iuliana Kozachenko

Abstract

The purpose of the paper is to define general trends and approaches to educational reform under the conditions of decentralization in Ukraine. Methodology. The survey is based on the analysis of the development of the regulatory framework of Ukraine for reforming the education sector under the conditions of decentralization. Statistical data on the dynamics of change in the total number of education institutions are studied. The reasons for the decrease in the total number of secondary and vocational education institutions have been identified. The degree of financing of the education sector from the consolidated budget of Ukraine by levels of education is considered. Results. The article outlines general trends and approaches to educational reform under the conditions of decentralization in Ukraine. The problems of the decentralization process, which began in 2014, were emphasized, namely the regional development and unification of territorial communities, which influenced the dynamics of education institutions that gained more autonomy. The dynamics of the total number of education institutions subordinated to the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine in terms of educational levels is presented. It is determined that the education sector in Ukraine is in transition, and an important component of this process is the correct choice of the vector of movement, taking into account the interests of all stakeholders. It is determined that the decentralization reform affects mechanisms of management in education. It is established that decentralization for higher education institutions should be considered as a means of forming managerial relations in the industry and joint responsibility for the management of the educational process. The experience of Great Britain and the European Union (Denmark, Spain, Poland, Romania, Finland, France) on improving the quality of educational services by strengthening the motivation of teachers using a differentiated payment system is studied and proposed to introduce into the Ukrainian education system. Practical implications. The possibility of introducing the process of educational / school clustering is considered. It is established that the introduction of decentralization opens the way to changes in creating favorable conditions for the emergence and implementation of intellectual needs of the individual. It is proved that the main task of the government in education in the conditions of decentralization is to coordinate the actions of government agencies, education institutions and the public in order to meet the personal needs of citizens and government demands for intellectual and professional enrichment. Value/originality. In the course of the research perspectives for development of education in Ukraine at the level of territorial communities, the process of formation of new opportunities in education for users of educational services is formed.

How to Cite

Oharenko, V., & Kozachenko, I. (2020). STATE REGULATION OF THE EDUCATION SECTOR UNDER THE CONDITIONS OF DECENTRALIZATION. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 6(3), 99-106. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2020-6-3-99-106
Article views: 43 | PDF Downloads: 19

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

state regulation, education, decentralization in education, educational subventions, management of education

References

Pro mistseve samovriaduvannia v Ukraini: Zakon Ukrainy vid 21.05.1997 № 280/97-VR / Verkhovna Rada Ukrainy [On local self-government in Ukraine: Law of Ukraine No. 280/97-ВР dated May 21, 1997 / The Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine]. URL: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/280/97-%D0%B2%D1%80 (accessed 16 February 2020).

Ministerstvo osvity i nauky Ukrainy. Nova ukrainska shkola. Kontseptualni zasady reformuvannia serednoi osvity [Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine. Website. The New Ukrainian School. Conceptual principles of secondary education reform]. URL: https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/zagalna%20serednya/nova-ukrainskashkola-compressed.pdf (accessed 19 February 2020).

Osvita v Ukraini: Bazovi Indykatory. Pidhotovleno Derzhavnoiu naukovoiu ustanovoiu «Instytut osvitnoi analityky» [Education in Ukraine: Basic Indicators. Prepared by the State Scientific Institution “Institute of Educational Analytics”]. URL: https://mon.gov.ua/storage/app/media/nova-ukrainska-shkola/1serpkonf-informatsiyniy-byuleten.pdf (accessed 16 February 2020).

Expenditure on education as % of total government expenditure (all sectors): The UNESCO Institute for Statistics. URL: http://data.uis.unesco.org/Index.aspx?queryid=183 (accessed 21 February 2020).

Seitosmanov, A., Fasolia, O., & Markhlievski, V. (2019). Starsha profilna shkola: kroky do stanovlennia. Metodychni rekomendatsii [Senior profile school: steps to formation. Guidelines]. Kyiv. (in Ukrainian)

Meleshko, V. V. (2018). Problemy upravlinnia opornymy zakladamy zahalnoi serednoi osvity v umovakh detsentralizatsii [Problems of management of basic general secondary education institutions in the conditions of decentralization]. Ukrainskyi pedahohichnyi zhurnal, no. 2, pp. 27–33.

Tupychak, L. L. (2017). Osoblyvosti detsentralizatsii upravlinnia osvitnoiu systemoiu yak shliakh do modernizatsii vyshchoi osvity v Ukraini [Features of decentralization of education system management as a way to modernization of higher education in Ukraine]. Efektyvnist derzhavnoho upravlinnia, vol. 4, pp. 56–62.

Semeniuk, Yu., & Kolisnichenko, N. (2019). Vyznachennia ta osnovni poniattia detsentralizatsii osvity [Definitions and basic concepts of decentralization of education]. Derzhavne upravlinnia ta mistseve samovria-duvannia, vol. 3(42), pp. 111–120.

Danylyshyn, B. M., & Pylypiv, V. V. (2016). Detsentralizatsiia u krainakh YeS: uroky dlia Ukrainy [Decentralization in the EU countries: lessons for Ukraine]. Rehionalna ekonomika, no. 1, pp. 5–11. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/regek_2016_1_3 (accessed 16 February 2020).

Boiko, T. Yu. (2017). Finansuvannia zakladiv osvity na miskomu rivni v umovakh detsentralizatsii vlady v Ukraini [Financing of educational institutions at the city level in the context of decentralization of power in Ukraine]. Naukovyi visnyk Khersonskoho derzhavnoho universytetu. Seriia: Ekonomichni nauky, vol. 27(2), pp. 147–151.

Iurchuk, L. (2009). Tendentsii detsentralizatsii upravlinnia osvitoiu v Ukraini [Trends in decentralization of education management in Ukraine]. Visnyk Natsionalnoi akademii derzhavnoho upravlinnia pry Prezydentovi Ukrainy, vol. 4, pp. 276–283.

Hrynevych, L. (2005). Tendentsii detsentralizatsii upravlinnia bazovoiu osvitoiu v suchasnii Polshchi: Avtoref. dys. kand. ped. nauk [Trends in decentralization of basic education management in modern Poland]. Kyiv. (in Ukrainian)

Shyian, R. (2016). Detsentralizatsiia osvity u Polshchi: dosvid dlia Ukrainy [Decentralization of education in Poland: experience for Ukraine]. Kyiv. URL: https://decentralization.gov.ua/uploads/library/file/112/2016-02-16-Poland.pdf (accessed 21 February 2020).

Babichev, A. V. (2017). Zarubizhnyi dosvid iz pytan upravlinnia zminamy v systemi vyshchoi osvity [Foreign experience in managing change in the higher education system]. Theory and Practice of Public Administration, no. 2(57). URL: http://www.kbuapa.kharkov.ua/e-book/tpdu/2017-2/doc/5/03.pdf (accessed 20 March 2020).

Krystopchuk, T. Ye. (2016). Osoblyvosti detsentralizatsii upravlinnia osvitoiu: dosvid yevropeiskykh krain [Features of decentralization of education management: the experience of the European countries]. Psykholoho-pedahohichni osnovy humanizatsii navchalno-vykhovnoho protsesu v shkoli ta VNZ, vol. 2, pp. 108–117. URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Ppog_2016_2_17 (accessed 19 February 2020).