METHODOLOGY OF INVESTMENT SYSTEM RESEARCH IN THE ASPECT OF UNPRODUCTIVE CAPITAL OUTFLOW: EXAMPLE OF UKRAINE AND INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION

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  Oleksandr Laiko

  Borys Burkynskyi

Abstract

The relevance of the topic of development of theoretical and methodological approaches to investment system regulation under influence of unproductive capital outflow is justified by significance of financial capital movements from groups of countries to others, caused by inappropriate institutional support for strategic investments. Aim of the proposed research is the development of methodological approaches to study and regulation of investment system development that allow to provide analysis of actual modern tendencies of investment system development, to estimate the influence of capital outflow on financial provision of investment process and to design regulating framework for shortening of unproductive financial capital outflow. The work is dedicated to research of theoretical, methodological and applicable basis of investment system development regulation in aspect of reducing of unproductive financial capital outflow with calculation of possible effect from involvement of reduced volumes of capital outflow into investment process. The research methodology, which is based on sustainable development and principle of balance of the stakeholders’ interests, includes approaches of system, theoretical and empirical analysis that allows us to identify the sense and structure of investment system in a sample of Ukraine and other 11 countries. Due to the statistical and econometric methods the estimation of the dynamics and regularities of capital investments are explored and the role of financial capital outflow in economic development of the country is estimated as percentage of GDP and as potential implicit resource that can be involved in investment process. The authors propose the methodology of investment system research and regulating from positions of institutional support embittering for renewal of invested capital and for attraction of new strategic investors. The provided systematization of theoretical positions in the sphere of investments and capital migration allows to obtain the definition of sense of investment system, to discover the regularities of its development and to identify the phenomenon of unproductive outflow of financial capital. It is found that the main criteria of unproductivity of capital outflow is excess of losses and expenses for national economy, caused by such migration of resources, under possible benefits. Conclusion. The hypothesis of existence of direct positive dependence of unproductive outflow of financial capital from growth of the national economic is proved in a sample of Ukraine due to the use of empirical statistical study method. It is identified that the key factor that provokes capital outflow is inappropriate institutional support for strategic investments. The proposed model of estimation of correlation between capital investments and value added allows to calculate the possible economic, social, and budgetary effect from involving into economy of Ukraine investments saved from outflow, that can result in more than 22.6 bln USD of value added growth.

How to Cite

Laiko, O., & Burkynskyi, B. (2021). METHODOLOGY OF INVESTMENT SYSTEM RESEARCH IN THE ASPECT OF UNPRODUCTIVE CAPITAL OUTFLOW: EXAMPLE OF UKRAINE AND INTERNATIONAL DIMENSION. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 7(1), 57-68. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2021-7-1-57-68
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Keywords

investment system, capital outflow, illicit financial flows, reinvestments, reproduction of capital

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