DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL OF DIGITAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.sidebar##

  Maksym Sitnicki

Abstract

The aim of the article is studying modern trends in digital development and developing a universal model of digital research universities. The methodology of the research is based on the use of methods: analysis and comparison for the study of scientific thought in the field of the introduction of digital technologies in the activities of research universities of systematization in the process of singling out the spheres of use of digital technologies in the activities of research universities; graphics for developing a model of digital research universities. The research results are manifested in the generalized development of global scientific thought for the period of 2011–2018. On the use of digital technologies in research universities in the United States, Britain, Germany, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Ireland, Italy, South Africa, Brazil, Ireland, Finland, India. The results identify the current trends in global scientific research on the introduction of digital technologies concerning issues: the effectiveness of the formation of students’ own curriculum; digitization of scientific information; the emergence and development of digital scholarships in scientific libraries; studying the correlation between the number of downloaded articles from the digital space and the number of new articles being written; a reappraisal of the revolutionary role of digital technologies in the social sciences; the rationale for American scientists to create a new model that provides access to the academic platform for a global society; intensification of the exchange of digital data; analysis and comparison of advantages and disadvantages of digital storages; search for new components of research tools based on the study of digital methods; the global development of digital technologies and the enhancement of the effectiveness of digital research cooperation; the widespread use of the Internet and other digital resources on the activities of research universities to improve the quality and semantic consistency of metadata, allowing to identify the digital preservation of research material. The proposed author’s definition of “digital research university” harmonized the scientific categorical apparatus in accordance with modern trends in the development of digital technologies in research universities. The practical implications of introducing this category in widespread use will be reflected in the rethinking of the role of research universities and the search for new forms of introducing digital technologies. The difference between the proposed category and the term “digital university”, already used in scientific consumption, is the wider coverage of the characteristics of research activities of research universities using digital technologies. The systematization of the use of digital technologies in research universities has made it possible to identify ten main areas: automation of the management systems of research universities digitizing literary sources in scientific libraries; automation of the educational process; online teaching; conducting final control; repository of diploma and doctoral thesis; student, teaching and research social networks; implementation of joint research online in digital networks; exchange of scientific data. Identified spheres form a system of digital means for the educational and scientific activities of research universities. Their characteristics allow highlighting the effects that arise in the process of introducing digital technologies in research universities. A three-level model of digital research universities has been developed. It combines nine basic elements: electronic portfolio; digital depository; digital training of teachers and researchers; an online platform for teaching; R&D market; research framing; virtual social networks; digital research networks; evaluation of research quality. The proposed three levels of the model reveal the basic role of its elements for the digital development of research universities and provide: the necessary internal infrastructure; maximizing the effects of using digital technologies; international subjectivization of research universities. The author’s definition of each element of the developed model is provided, disclosed their digital purpose, and enriched the categorical apparatus. The practical significance of the developed model is ensuring that the maximum is obtained from the use by the research universities of the digital technologies of the present, and waiting for humanity in a strategic future.

How to Cite

Sitnicki, M. (2018). DEVELOPMENT OF A MODEL OF DIGITAL RESEARCH UNIVERSITIES. Baltic Journal of Economic Studies, 4(1), 311-318. https://doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-1-311-318
Article views: 486 | PDF Downloads: 230

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

Keywords

model of digital research universities, areas of use of digital technologies, modern trends in digital research, research universities

References

Abd Allah Mohamed Abd Allah aalYateem, Nawaf Bandr Bn Hameed. (2015). Digital Repositories in the Arab Universities: A Comparative Analytical Study, Procedia Computer Science, 65: 768-777. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.procs.2015.09.022

Agbe-Davies, A.S., Galle, J.E., Hauser, M.W., & Neiman, F.D. (2014). Teaching with digital archaeological data: A research archive in the university classroom. Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 21(4): 837-861. DOI: 10.1007/s10816-013-9178-3

Barana, A., Bogino, A., Fioravera, M., Marchisio, M, Rabellino, S. (2016). Digital Support for University Guidance and Improvement of Study Results, Procedia – Social and Behavioral Sciences, 228: 547-552. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2016.07.084.

Bishoff, C., & Johnston, L. (2015). Approaches to Data Sharing: An Analysis of NSF Data Management Plans from a Large Research University. Journal of Librarianship & Scholarly Communication, 3(2): 1-27. DOI: 10.7710/2162-3309.1231

Canhoto, A.I., Quinton, S., Jackson, P., & Dibb, S. (2016). The co-production of value in digital, university–industry R&D collaborative projects. Industrial Marketing Management, 56: 86-96. DOI: 10.1016/j.indmarman.2016.03.010

Cox, J. (2017). New Directions for Academic Libraries in Research Staffing: A Case Study at National University of Ireland Galway. New Review Of Academic Librarianship, 23 (2-3): 110-124. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/13614533.2017.1316748

Crow, M.M., & Dabars, W.B. (2015). Designing the New American University. Baltimore, Maryland: Johns Hopkins University Press.

Dutton, W.H. (2013). The social shaping of digital research. International Journal of Social Research Methodology, 16(3): 177-195. DOI: 10.1080/13645579.2013.774171

Fan, W., & Liu, Q. (2016). Open scholarship ranking of Chinese research universities. Scientometrics, 108(2): 673-691. DOI: 10.1007/s11192-016-1983-5

Fierro, I., Cardona arbelaez, D.A., & Gavilanez, J. (2017). Digital marketing: a new tool for international education. Pensamiento & Gestión, 43: 240-260. DOI: 10.14482/pege.41.9704

Firima Zona, T., Ridwan, R., & Uli Agustina, G. (2017). Reading Habits in Digital Era: A Research on the Students in Borneo University. LLT Journal: A Journal On Language And Language Teaching, 20 (2): 147-157.

Goodfellow, R., & Lea, M.R. (2013). Literacy in the digital university: critical perspectives on learning, scholarship, and technology. London; New York: Routledge Taylor & Francis Group. http://oro.open.ac.uk/id/eprint/34778

Grimaldi, R., Cavagnero, S.M., & Gallina, M.A. (2016). Use of internet and awareness of digital tracks. A research on university students. Sociologia e Ricerca Sociale, 109: 204-218.

Hargittai, E., & Sandvig, C. (2016). Digital Research Confidential : The Secrets of Studying Behavior Online. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Hladík, R. (2017). Zdrojový kod jako literární technologie? O vyvárení faktú v digitálním výzkumu. Theory of Science, 39(1): 31-56.

Jagdish, A., Kruti J.,T., & Ajit, K. (2013). Impact of access to e-resources through the UGC-INFONET Digital Library Consortium on research output of member universities. Current Science, 104 (3): 307-315.

Koopman, M.M., & de Jager, K. (2016). Archiving South African digital research data: How ready are we?. South African Journal of Science, 112 (7/8): 42-48. DOI: 10.17159/sajs.2016/20150316

LeBard, R.J., Brynn Hibbert, D., & Quinnell, R. (2017). Practice in Digital Research Spaces to Engage Students with eScience. Teaching Science: The Journal of The Australian Science Teachers Association, 63 (1), 41-48.

Leydesdorff, L., Bornmann, L., & Mingers, J. (2017). Statistical Significance and Effect Sizes of Differences among Research Universities at the Level of Nations and Worldwide based on the Leiden Rankings. http://arxiv.org/abs/1710.11020

Liu, N., Wang, Q., & Cheng, Y. (2011). Paths to a World-Class University. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.

Lynch, C., & Carleton, D.E. (2012). Lecture: Impact of Digital Scholarship on Research Libraries. Journal of Library Administration, 52 (6-7): 456-473. DOI: 10.1080/01930826.2012.707947

Primary Research, G. (2016). International Survey of Research University Faculty : Use of Institutional Digital Repositories. New York: Primary Research Group, Inc.

Remes, S., Alonen, M., Maltusch, P., Hällström, M. a., & Westman, S. (2017). Say, “S” (as) Semantics – and Mean it!

Path to Semantically Interoperable Digital Research Services. Procedia Computer Science, 106 (13th International Conference on Current Research Information Systems, CRIS2016, Communicating and Measuring Research Responsibly: Profiling, Metrics, Impact, Interoperability): 329-334. DOI:10.1016/j.procs.2017.03.032

Roberta, C., Tim, G., & Silke, S. (2015). Digital Approaches to Historical Semantics: new research directions at Frankfurt University. Storicamente, 11 (1): DOI:10.12977/stor594

Sax, B. (2017). E-Portfolios and the College Community: Towards a New Model of the Online Classroom. E-mentor, 2(69), 82-86. DOI: 10.15219/em69.1295

Shin, J., & Lee, S. (2015). Evolution of research universities as a national research system in Korea: accomplishments and challenges. Higher Education (00181560), 70 (2): 187-202. DOI:10.1007/s10734-014-9847-5

Skala, A. (2016). Statement on the First Research on Digital Startups in Poland. Przedsiębiorczość Międzynarodowa, 2: 191-202.

Sparks, H., Collins, F.L., & Kearns, R. (2016). Reflecting on the risks and ethical dilemmas of digital research. Geoforum, 77: 40-46. DOI:10.1016/j.geoforum.2016.09.019

Stensaker, B., Bilbow, G.T., Breslow, L., & Van Der Vaart, R. (2017). Strengthening Teaching and Learning in Research Universities : Strategies and Initiatives for Institutional Change. Cham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tsatsou, P. (2016). Digital technologies in the research process: Lessons from the digital research community in the UK. Computers In Human Behavior, 61: 597-608. DOI:10.1016/j.chb.2016.03.053

Yan, W., & Zhang, Y. (2018). Regular article: Research universities on the ResearchGate social networking site: An examination of institutional differences, research activity level, and social networks formed. Journal of Informetrics, 12: 385-400. DOI:10.1016/j.joi.2017.08.002