FEATURES OF LOAN SECURITY FOR THE REPRODUCTION OF FIXED ASSETS FOR AGRICULTURAL PURPOSES

Yuliia Aleskerova, Lidiia Fedoryshyna, Natalia Koval

Abstract


The purpose of the article is to justify features of credit support for reproduction of basic agricultural products. It is shown that the modern financial system of Ukraine is in a state of prolonged decline, the output of which depends on the innovation activity of all subjects of the financial system, on the effective reproduction of fixed assets and the adequate financial and credit mechanism of its provision for agricultural enterprises. Methodology. There are several stages of reproduction of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises. At the first stage, there is a productive use of fixed assets. At this stage, they wear out and, accordingly, the amount of wear is calculated. It is the basis for the cancellation of the amount of depreciation deductions for costs after the completion of the production process. At the first stage of the turnover of fixed assets, the lost value of means of labour is lost. It is carried over to the cost of finished products. At the second stage, the transformation of the worn out of fixed assets, which were in a productive form, into cash, is taking place. On the third stage, in the process of production, there is an update of the consumption value of the fixed assets. This update is carried out by replacing the worn core production assets with new ones due to the accumulated depreciation of fixed assets. Results. Thus, it is established that the process of reproduction of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises is characterized by a number of features. The main ones are: a gradual write-off of cost to production costs; partial reproduction of the value in the finished product and its accumulation in cash; a long-time interval required for the renewal of fixed assets in a naturally real form; the need to attract significant one-time cash expenditures. Practical implications. Thus, the peculiarities of credit support for the reproduction of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises are: the objective necessity of its implementation due to the unprofitableness of the industry and the impossibility for a large part of agricultural enterprises, from their own sources, to provide a simple and extended reproduction of fixed assets; seasonal production; necessity of state support of the crediting process of reproduction of fixed assets. Value/originality. Thus, credit support for the reproduction of fixed assets of agricultural enterprises is the obligation of an agrarian enterprise to a credit institution, which must be paid out over a period of more than one year from the date of drawing up the balance sheet, as well as the prolongation of short-term loans used by the enterprise solely for the purpose of reproduction of fixed assets.

Keywords


credit, reproduction, fixed assets, agricultural enterprises, seasonality, banking practice, leasing

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30525/2256-0742/2018-4-4-1-5

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