The purpose of the article is to study the economic and legal problems of financing the education of persons sentenced to imprisonment, realization of their constitutional right and to propose to eliminate existing gaps in the legislation. Methodology. The survey is based on an analysis of the principles of financing education, including prison education, on the procedure and problems of financing education for persons sentenced to imprisonment. The principles, good practice and problems of providing educational services in Singapore, Japan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Finland, the Netherlands, Canada, Poland, Germany, Ireland, Great Britain, the USA, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, the Russian Federation are considered. Sourcing of education (state, non-state and mixed) are investigated. The analysis of macro indicators of social and economic development of the countries, in which certain system of financing of education operates, is carried out. Emphasis is placed on the fact that the country's development largely depends on the share of gross domestic product spent on research. Only if the cost of science exceeds 0.9% of gross domestic product, it can be said about the impact of science on the development of the state economy. It is concluded that most European countries use the so-called principle of "funding formula", according to which the state allocates financial resources to higher education institutions in amounts determined by special indicators, such as high quality of education, number of students, labor intensity and material consumption of the education process. Results. In the process of studying the state policy on financing the educational system, it has been concluded that tthe most developed countries with a sufficiently high level of gross domestic product per capita have the state system of financing higher education. The main positive feature of penitentiary educational systems is their focus on the prisoner as an individual to provide his or her needs, the opportunity to acquire professional skills and, in the future, to integrate into society and restore his or her social status easily. The authors also conclude that due to certain difficulties in obtaining education by prisoners, namely, most of these persons cannot get an education because they are in isolation from society, their attendance at school is impossible, the way out of this situation is distance learning. Practical implications. . Proposals have been made, according to which higher education for persons sentenced to imprisonment should be regarded as paid activity along with work, and the possibility of obtaining distance education should be enshrined in law. Value/originality. The article provides proposals for amendments to the legislation in the field of education for persons sentenced to imprisonment in some post-Soviet countries for the harmonization of regulations.
How to Cite
right to education, system of education, sourcing, budgetary facilities, imprisonments, realization of right to education
Criminal Executive Code of Ukraine. Information of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine (VRRU), 2004, № 3-4, Art. 21. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1129-15
Maklakov, V. V. (1999). Constitutions of foreign states. 2nd edition. Moscow: BEC Publishing House, 584 p.
Kohlan Sean. World education ranking. NEWS Ukraine. Available at: https://www.bbc.com/ukrainian/science/2015/05/150513_vj_education_rankings_it
The best educational systems in the world. Available at: https://rainbowschool.international/uk/luchshie-sistemy-obrazovaniya-v-mire-top-10-stran/
First Findings from the EQW National Employer Survey / The National Center on the Educational Quality of the Workforce. Available at: https://www.census.gov/econ/overview/mu2400
Khshanovych, K. O. How to teach them: the experience of South Korea. Available at: https://vseosvita.ua/news/ak-navcaut-u-nih-dosvid-pivdennoi-korei-2329.html
Yurchenko, O. 5 stories about the 5 best educational systems in the world. Available at: https://osvitoria.media/experience/5-istorij-pro-5-najkrashhyh-osvitnih-system-svitu/
Otroshchenko, L. S. (2018). Experience in the management of higher education in Germany. Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Culture and Arts. Series: Management of socio-cultural activities, vol. 32(2), pp. 120–133.
Malik, Ye. A. (2014). Financing of higher education: current trends and foreign experience. Effective economics, vol. 8. Available at: http://www.economy.nauka.com.ua/?op=1&z=3259
Tuimebaiev, Zh. K. Financing of education in Kazakhstan. Kazakhstan Today news agency. URL: www.kt.kz.
Yashchuk, T. A. (2019). The mechanism of financing higher education institutions in the instability of the market of educational services. The dissertation of the candidate of economic sciences: 08.00.03. Pavlo Tychyna Uman State Pedagogical University, 315 p.
Urusova, Z. P. (2013). The role of the state in financing education in Ukraine. Economy and innovative development of the national economy, vol. 6(44), pp. 49–52.
Zhuravel, H., & Shynkaryk, M. Some aspects of increasing the competitiveness of higher education. Available at: http://visnykj.tneu.edu.ua/index.php/visnykj/article/view/1082
Kozarezenko, L. V. (2010). Socio-economic efficiency of the functioning of educational services. Abstract of the dissertation of the candidate of economic sciences: 08.00.03. Kyiv National Economic University named after Vadym Hetman. Kyiv, 21 p.
Malitskyi, B. A., et al. (2004). Rational financing of science as a prerequisite for the development of knowledge society in Ukraine. National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine H.M. Dobrov Center for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies. Kyiv: Phoenix, 32 p.
Kononenko, O. B. (2017). Current state and trends in state educational policy in Ukraine. National University of Civil Protection of Ukraine (Series: Public Administration), vol. 32(2), pp. 276–287.
Kaleniuk, I. S. (2017). Directions of transformation of mechanisms of financing of education in the modern world. Demography and social economy, vol. 1/29, pp. 24–36.
European penitentiary rules. Available at: https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/994_032
Chechyn, M. Yu. (2016). The current state of education of convicts. Scientific Bulletin of the International Humanitarian University. Series: Jurisprudence, vol. 23, pp. 173–176.
Yunkari, T. (2004). Actual problems of the prison service Finland. Proceedings of the international scientific-practical conference. Part 1: Edited by O.H. Kovalev. Moscow: SRI PS (NII UIS) Ministry of Justice of Russia, 111 p.
Shevchenko, O. D. (2015). Experience of foreign countries in ensuring the right to education of convicts. Scientific Bulletin of Kherson State University. Series: Legal Sciences, vol. 32(6). T. 3, pp. 76–78.
Pshenychka, Ya. V. (2019). Ensuring the realization of the right to education of convicts in Ukraine and abroad. Molodyi Vchenyi, vol. 3 (67), pp. 397–401.
Aleksandrov, Yu. A. Serving a criminal sentence in France and Russia: A brief comparative review. Available at: http://www.index.org.ru/turma/ft/po/020527-3.htm
Aleksandrov, Yu. A. (2005). A day in a French prison. Crime and punishment, vol. 1, pp. 87–120.
Hradetsky, A. V. (2015). Education as a means of correction of convicts. State and regions. Series: Law, vol. 1, pp. 51–55.