The article is devoted to the study of the seaports of Ukraine and the identification of problems in the development of their logistics infrastructure. The purpose of the paper is to study the main problems of development of logistics infrastructure of seaports of Ukraine and determine the benefits of forming effective logistics centers based on them. The methodological basis of the study is general scientific techniques and methods. In particular, the systemic approach, method of analysis and synthesis, logical and prognostic methods. The results of the study allow us to determine that the degree of integration of Ukraine’s port industry into the international community remains low. The productivity of transport infrastructure and logistics processes are low. Seaports, of which there have been 13 in 2019, have a high investment potential due to their specialization and geographical location of the country. Much has been done by the government to develop the port industry since independence, but today there are a number of important issues, including low levels of private investment due to instability and high risk of corruption in the domestic economy, declining seaport turnover due to unreliable maritime logistics systems, imperfect tariff policy and many others. The results of the paper are the study of the experience of forming logistics infrastructure abroad, in particular in Germany and the Netherlands, and the argument for the creation of multimodal logistics centers on the basis of the Ukrainian seaports. It is determined that a special role in their formation and control over their activities should belong to state and municipal authorities. When creating a multimodal logistics center, a comprehensive approach should be applied, which covers such areas of activity as: development of the logistics services market; optimization and development of transport infrastructure (ensuring the possibility of cargo handling by different modes of transport); effective investment policy; development of trade relations; environmental protection; development of territories, creation of industrial parks and social policy (location of multimodal logistics centers near large settlements, creation of additional jobs). The support for these areas will diversify the economy of those regions, in which seaports are located, and will have an overall positive impact on the country’s economy as a whole, increase its logistics potential and competitiveness. Value/originality. A detailed analysis of the Ukrainian seaports and existing problems in the development of their logistics infrastructure provides a better understanding of the need to create powerful multimodal logistics centers and the formation of a single information space for the integration of Ukrainian and European port industry.
How to Cite
seaports, transport and logistics service, logistics infrastructure, multi-modal logistics center
Administratsiia morskykh portiv Ukrainy [Administration of seaports of Ukraine]. Retrieved from: https://www.uspa.gov.ua/pokaznikiroboti/pokazniki-roboti-2018 (accessed: 15 April 2020).
Vantazhoobih morskykh portiv zrostaie vzhe try roky [The cargo turnover of seaports has been growing for three years]. Retrieved from: https://www.depo.ua/ukr/money/vantazhoobig-morskikh-portiv-zrostae-vzhe-tri-roki-201909121027394 (accessed: 18 March 2020).
V Niderlandakh budut vystraivat' transportnyy koridor Amsterdam-Utrekht-Rotterdam [Amsterdam- Utrecht-Rotterdam transport corridor to be built in the Netherlands] Retrieved from: https://cfts.org.ua/news/2019/02/20/v_niderlandakh_budut_vystraivat_transportnyy_koridor_amsterdam_utrekht_ rotterdam_51805 (accessed: 03 May 2020).
Hryshova, I. Yu. (2019). Derzhavna investytsiina polityka rozvytku morskykh portiv Ukrainy [State investment policy for the development of seaports in Ukraine]. Investment: practice and experience, no. 11, pp. 97–102.
Korniiko, Ya. R. (2016). Tekhnolohichni ta informatsiini perevahy formuvannia multy-modalnykh transportno-lohistychnykh tsentriv [Technological and informational benefits of forming multimodal transport and logistics centers]. Water transport, vol. 1, pp. 113–117. Retrieved from: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vodt_2016_1_20 (accessed: 02 April 2020).
Kravchenko, O. A., & Strebko, Yu. A. (2011). Vybir priorytetnykh napriamkiv orhanizatsiinoho rozvytku morskykh torhovelnykh portiv Ukrainy v umovakh hlobalizatsii svitovoi ekonomiky [A choice of priority directions of organizational development of commercial seaports of Ukraine in the conditions of world economy globalization]. Proceedings of Odessa Polytechnic University, vol. 2(36), pp. 284–289.
Lipskyi, V. V. (2018). Osoblyvosti rozvytku morskykh portiv Ukrainy yak obiekta in-vestuvannia [Features of marine ports development in Ukraine as a investment objective]. Black Sea Economic Studies, vol. 36, pp. 75–81
Mihai, N. B., & Khmarska, I. (2019). Problemy rozvytku lohistychnoi infrastruktury morskykh portiv Ukrayiny [Problems of development of seaports logistic infrastructure in Ukraine]. Materials of the All-Ukrainian scientific economic readings with international participation “Transformation of economic processes in the sea economic complex of Ukraine”, pp. 234–237.
Nіkulin, S. H., & Roshchina, N. V. (2015). Svitovi tendentsii rozvytku morskykh portiv [The world trends in the development of seaports]. Current problems of the sectoral economy, no. 4(20), pp. 148–154.
Pasichnyk, A. M., Klen, O. M., & Miroshnichenko, S. V. (2016). Analiz ta otsinka efektyvnosti vykorystannia tranzytnoho po-tentsialu ukrainskoi transportnoi systemy [Analysis and evaluation of the efficiency of using the transit potential of the Ukraine transport system]. Electromagnetic compatibility and safety in railway transport, no. 12, pp. 88–97.
Poliakova, O. M., & Shramenko, O. V. (2017). Suchasni tendentsii rozvytku transportno-lohistychnoi infrastruktury v Ukraini i sviti [Modern trends os development of transport and logistics infrastructure in Ukraine and the world]. Bulletin of transport economic and industry, no. 58, pp. 126–134.
Stratehiia staloi lohistyky ta plan dii dlia Ukrainy (2018). [Sustainable logistics strategy and action plan for Ukraine]. Retrieved from: https://mtu.gov.ua/files/Logistics.pdf (accessed: 03 May 2020).
Tityukhin, N. (2011). Logistika. Instrument povysheniya konkurentosposobnosti transportnogo rynka Rossii [Logistics. Instrument for increasing the competitiveness of the Russian transport market]. Loginfo, no. 1–2, pp. 9–13.
Global Rankings 2016. Retrieved from: https://lpi.worldbank.org/international/scorecard/radar/254/C/UKR/2018#chartarea (accessed: 28 January 2020).
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.