The purpose of this study is to analyze the components of the budget system of Ukraine as factors of financial and economic security to identify negative trends in the context of the implementation of decentralization reform. It is proved that the research of this direction should start with the analysis of the conceptual apparatus and structural relationships between categories. At the top level of the hierarchy there is the category of national security of Ukraine, which, according to current legislation, means the protection of state sovereignty, constitutional order and other national interests of the country from real and potential threats. The category of financial and economic security is also often used in the scientific literature. Given the above classification, in this case we are talking about the financial security of the country as a factor of economic security. Methodology. To stimulate economic development, the practice of modern budget regulation provides for the presence of a planned deficit, which is a source of local and public debt. Depending on the areas of its financing, there are domestic and foreign, local and national debts. The relationship between the above indicators determines the level of budget security of the country, which is one of the most important factors of financial stability was identified in the work. Results. It is proved that, according to the results of the analysis, practical recommendations on budget policy of Ukraine as a factor of financial and economic security should take into account the following steps: against the background of growing social burden on the budget, it is necessary to continue the redistribution of budget funds in favour of the regions, which will increase their level of financial autonomy and reduce the amount of transfer payments; pursue a strict restriction policy to prevent the growth of the state budget deficit and uncontrolled increase in debt; the problem of pension provision increases the burden on the state budget every year. It is necessary to take measures to create a cumulative system of state and non-state pension insurance. Practical implications. The practical consequences prove that in 2016 the public debt of the consolidated budget of Ukraine reached a record 81% of GDP. However, effective economic and budgetary policy allowed to reduce it in 2019 to 50.3%, which was positive. Moreover, the share of external debt was 29.2%. The high budget deficit in 2020 will lead to an increase in debt to 58.7% of GDP, which offsets the previous positive changes. It is determined that at the beginning and at the end of the study period the expenditures of the pension system of Ukraine have been equal to about 10% of GDP. At the same time, financing from own revenues has decreased from 8% to 6%, which is negative. The most critical situation became after 2013, when this indicator began to decline rapidly, increasing the burden on the state budget. Value/originality of the work is an analysis of the components of the budget system of Ukraine as factors of financial and economic security, which in contrast to the existing ones is based on the need for further implementation of decentralization reform and allows to develop practical recommendations for budget regulation.
How to Cite
financial and economic security, budget system, budget security, decentralization, budget regulation
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