FORMATION OF THE ACCOUNTING POLICY OF THE ENTERPRISE IN THE CONTEXT OF ENSURING EFFECTIVE INVENTORIES MANAGEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY

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  Olha Roieva

Abstract

The article considers the issues of organization and formation of inventory accounting policy, substantiates its role in the system of information support of inventory management processes and highlights the impact on the effectiveness of inventory management in the process of innovation activity. Based on the study of trends in the share of inventories of industrial enterprises and indicators of innovation development, it is established that inventories are not currently considered as a resource that has a significant impact on the innovation potential of the enterprise, and in combination with financial performance indicates inefficient investment in inventories and inefficient inventory management. It is proved that it is possible to increase the efficiency of inventory management due to the optimal organization of the inventory accounting system, the foundations of which are laid during the formation of accounting policies. The author's approach to understanding the accounting policy in the sphere of inventory accounting, which is considered as a set of principles, methods and procedures used by the company to generate quality, timely, relevant, clear, complete and reliable information about the availability, movement, storage and use of inventories, sufficient to make management decisions aimed at improving the efficiency of inventory management and disclosure of inventory information in the financial statements. Coverage of approaches to the formation of accounting policy is based on a combination of organizational, technological and methodological components of accounting policy. The first (organizational and technological) component includes such elements as: inventory principles, laws and regulations concerning accounting of inventories, forms of primary documents and internal management reporting used for inventory accounting, document management rules and accounting information processing technology, control procedures on the movement of inventories and the responsibility of officials, the procedure and frequency of revaluation of inventories and inventory count, the order of analytical inventory, the unit of natural measurement of inventories for each unit of accounting, the interaction of accounting with other services during the transfer and exchange of inventory. The second component (methodological) reveals the principles and rules of receipt, processing, recording and transmission of inventory information, inventory valuation rules, inventory accounting (development of a working plan of accounts), disclosure of inventory information in the financial statements. It has been considered such main elements of organizational, technological and methodological components: features of the work plan of inventory accounts, the issue of documentation of inventory transactions, the recognition of inventories and their evaluation, document management rules, accounting for transport and procurement costs. Variable elements of inventory accounting policy are identified.

How to Cite

Roieva, O. (2020). FORMATION OF THE ACCOUNTING POLICY OF THE ENTERPRISE IN THE CONTEXT OF ENSURING EFFECTIVE INVENTORIES MANAGEMENT IN THE PROCESS OF INNOVATIVE ACTIVITY. Three Seas Economic Journal, 1(3), 77-83. https://doi.org/10.30525/2661-5150/2020-3-13
Article views: 32 | PDF Downloads: 17

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Keywords

inventories, accounting, accounting policy, management system, innovative activity, efficiency, information support, stock estimation, document circulation

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