The purpose of the study is to substantiate the transformation of approaches to the formation of the latest system of socio-economic factors of public health to combat the COVID-19 pandemic at the present stage. The features of the economic aspects of public health policy and possible directions of its modern transformation have been studied. The urgency of public perception of the need to implement reform processes in the healthcare system at the stage of countering the coronavirus pandemic has been substantiated. The main measures for reforming the state policy of the healthcare system in the European countries are analyzed. The main functions of state policy in relation to the processes of economic provision of the healthcare system in developed countries have been investigated. The subject of the study is the economic factors of public-government cooperation in reforming the healthcare system during the COVID-19 pandemic. Research methods. The methodological basis of the study was a systematic approach, which allowed to consider the control system and managed subsystems as a holistic complex of medical and social services to the population during the COVID-19 pandemic. To ensure the completeness of the coverage of the subject of research, its conditional structuring on an empirical and theoretical level was carried out, as well as various methods of scientific research were used. At the empirical level, methods of statistics and semantic analysis were used to reveal the specifics of the object of study, as well as to study the impact of socio-economic factors on policy development to combat COVID-19, study the scientific literature on the experience of medical care for patients with COVID-19 in foreign countries. Conclusions. Today, the state of the healthcare system is characterized by a stage of crisis, and the healthcare sector is not a high priority in the state budget policy, and, consequently, the issue of funding is becoming more acute. The transformation of the healthcare system should consist in the organization of the provision of medical care available to the population of the country on the basis of fundamental transformations of financing, with the involvement of financial resources other than state. It is the interaction and close cooperation between the state and business that can contribute to the development of new forms and models of social-government interaction to improve the quality of life in society. Attracting private business, small, medium, and large market participants will be able to bring new solutions to change the socio-economic factors of healthcare.
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public policy, economic aspects, European countries, pandemic, reforms, health protection, counteraction
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